How Powerful 4 type Battery Can Help You Predict the Future
With the arrival of cold and snow, your Battery will need to be pampered! An essential element of your car, it is what allows you – among other things – to start your car and operate all your electronic equipment. Avatacar gives you details on your Battery and tells you how to take care of it.
What is a Battery for?
A car can be compared to a large 12V electric Battery (that is to say 6 elements of 2V) which sends energy to all the electrical (ventilation, headlights, defrost, etc.) and electronic accessories ( ESP®, dashboard, radio…) of the vehicle. When the engine is running, the Battery is recharged by accumulating energy from the alternator (this is why it is also called an accumulator).
What do Criteria define?
- The rated voltage: 12V is standard for most cars.
- The capacity of the charging time expressed in Ah (Ampere x hour).
- The starting current expressed in Ampere.
- The dimensions (height x length x width).
- The relative position of the connection terminals “+” and “-“.
- The shape of the connection terminals: round (or conical), flat…
Dimensions and other characteristics?
With or without hoof?
The shoe is the remote part at the bottom of the Battery which is used to fix it to the vehicle (correct fixing subject to technical control). Most Asian vehicles do not have a shoe since the inserted in trays and then fixed on top using strips.
Does a Battery make sense?
The answer is yes! Indeed, the “face” or “front” of the Battery is located on the side closest to the terminals. The face essential for determining the direction of the polarity.
How to read the dimensions of a Battery?
It is measured in millimeters. The height (h) is measured from bottom to top (terminals included) while the width (l) is measured from the front face to the back (shoe included) and the length (L) is measured at the face of left to right (shoe included).
What are the main causes of battery degradation?
- The complete discharge of the vehicle.
- The cycling, that is to say, the number of complete cycles of charge and discharge.
- Oxidation of electrodes and terminals.
- Frequent under-charges (incomplete recharging).
- Excessive vibrations (due to poor fixing for example).
- Strong variations in temperature.
How to maintain your Battery?
- Watch out for storage! A Battery discharges between 1% to 15% per month depending on its chemical composition but also depending on its storage location. For example, the warmer it is, the faster it will discharge and the colder it is, the more it will lose its capacity. It is therefore essential to store a in a cool and dry place.
- In the case of oxidation of the terminals, it is necessary to clean them with sandpaper or a wire brush. A little tip: apply electric grease to the terminals, this will protect them from oxidation!
- Advise your customers to disconnect the negative terminal of their if the vehicle has been immobilized for more than 3 weeks. In the case of longer immobilization, it is preferable to dismantle it, recharge it and store it.
When to charge your Battery?
Urban use: it will have less time to recharge during short trips in the city. It will, therefore, have to be changed every 3 years. A standard lead-acid Battery service can vary between 100 and 1,200 cycles, here are some examples:
- a 15% lead-acid discharged before being recharged will be entitled to 1,200 partial recharge cycles.
- a lead-acid discharged by 35% before being recharged will be entitled to 500 partial recharge cycles.
- a lead-acid discharged by 50% before being recharged will be entitled to 250 partial recharge cycles.
- a lead-acid discharged by 75% before being recharged will be entitled to 100 partial recharge cycles.
When should you recharge your Battery?
- Your car has trouble starting.
- You notice that the electrical equipment is struggling (decrease in the brightness of the headlights, slowing down of the electric windows, the fans, defrosting …).
- The red light corresponding to the appears on the dashboard.
- An electrolyte oozing appears at the plugs.
1st price Battery and premium brand, what are the differences between the two?
- Recommended for vehicles over 7 or 8 years old.
- Suitable for vehicles with standard equipment with low power consumption.
- Suitable for mainly road use (because in town, the is much more stressed!).
- Recommended for standard engines.
- Greater storage resistance.
- Faster recharge time.
- Better resistance to discharge.
- Greater resistance to cycles.
- Longer service life.
- Higher starting power.
- Original quality.
- Recommended for HDI / TDI / CRDI or petrol / diesel of large displacement.
- Suitable for urban uses.
- Suitable for all types of vehicles including Asian.
- Longer warranty period.
- Suitable for vehicles with large comfort electrical equipment (air conditioning, GPS, Bluetooth system, sensors, automatic light lighting, etc.).